Monday, March 9, 2015

New IDs with Blockchain Technology

Identities on the Blockchain

Changing how Identity is created


The structure of how an identity is managed is evolving. Encryption has been an important tool for technical consumers to protect their private information virtually, but not how that information is accessed. The Federal Trade Commission recommends using encryption to protect your identity online. Trusting third parties, that have single access points of failure, to store all of your information is no longer best practice. The identity of individuals can now be handled with better discretion, than even the owner, once transcribed on a decentralized ledger.

Blockchain technology introduces new ways to use encryption to organize the data flow of your identity and who can view different information that composes your identity. Bitcoin and blockchain operations do not offer complete anonymity. There are alternative tokens that offer a higher degree of privacy than the base Bitcoin Protocol offers. The rise of crypto-currencies will offer various degrees of privacy and have different levels of difficulty to ‘figuring out’ someones identity.

A New Offering for Identity

Facebook, Google, and Twitter store vast amounts of information about their users. In the last few years, these companies have such in-depth privacy policies so frequently that Facebook now gives free Basics Courses on how to protect your privacy online. Skimming over a User Terms of Agreement is an acceptable cultural joke, and many consumers are now unsure of how to secure leaks of their identity. Identity services have begun to emerge using blockchain technology that will link a user identity to the Blockchain; granting no single group control of that identity. Examples of a new offerings for identity is NameCoin and OneName.

Namecoin - Website


namecoin.pngThe way an individual’s identity is created will evolve as blockchain technological innovations bring new avenues of security. Creation of these new services will come as a need arises for better identification services. Namecoin has emerged as the first legitimate attempt to assign value to data on a blockchain. Namecoin has a similar background to Bitcoin’s creation. An open source code left open to anyone. There are a few differences between Namecoin and Bitcoin but the two are not the same. Namecoin is used to register names on a decentralized ledger that has a similar structure of Bitcoin’s Blockchain. Spending a Namecoin gives you a domain registered at nameid.org. That identity is valid for around 200-250 days requiring a small Namecoin cost to update. A NameID is created. The value of a single Namecoin today is 1 NMC to .0017 BTC.

NameID allows:
  • Access websites using the .bit domain (with TLS/SSL)
  • Store identity information such as Email, GPG key, BTC address (OneName), TLS fingerprints, Bitmessage address
  • Human readable Tor .onion names/domains.
  • File signatures, Voting, bonds/stocks/shares, web of trust, escrow and notary services (to be implemented).

OneName - Website (WSJ Review - Article)


OneName.png
OneName is an alternate to a Bitcoin Address and are listed on nameid.org

OneName emerged as a solution to QR codes for sending and receiving Bitcoins. Owning a Name is as simple as registering a new username. The OneName username can be used with Namecoin accepting services to complete a blockchain identity. These identities can be used in Apps and Services in the future that offer quick sign-up to online services without giving any information you don’t assign to that OneName address. Store List Here

openname-onename-diagram.png

Possible uses for Blockchain ID’s

realid.jpg

The emergence of a FedCoin (Ad Heavy Article) has been discussed in the last year and is a vision of where government entrance into the crypto-currency domain has been predicted. Countries have recently begun creating electronic money systems as alternatives to traditional fiat currency. The debate of the economic effects of cryptocurrencies on a country's government will not be the focus of discussion here. Aside from monetary government implication, the possibility of identities issued by the government on blockchain systems is also just as possible.

An upgraded ID technology service would offer more information security than traditional identity services. Social security identification numbers can be replaced by a sidechain that offers federal authorized identity hash numbers assigned to transactions on the blockchain. Government services, job offerings, or federal benefits, could all be accessed by referencing an identity transaction on the blockchain. Federal entities could create side-chains that distribute tokens that can be referenced to a single point of creation. Identity assignment will be incredibly more important if a federal level identification is created, but the possibility for services like a Blockchain Federal level ID could be created.

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Blockchain offers many new ‘killer-apps’ that can be created with it’s new disruptive technology. Keeping informed of how information is handled on any blockchain requires no trust. Transactions are audited with the creation of each block in a blockchain starting from a Genesis Block. The longer a blockchain represents how many audits have been completed. Trust will change the way information is shared, and identity services could be the first of many new tech services over the horizon.

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